Assessment of On-Grid Hybrid Renewable Power Generation Potential at Khanpur Dam in Pakistan

Qayyum Kamal Afzal, Shabbir Majeed Chaudhry


In this article an on-grid hybrid renewable power plant model has been proposed at Khanpur Dam to feed power to Khanpur village and national grid. The irregular nature of renewable energy sources can be compensated through Pumped Hydro Storage (PHS) scheme, as Khanpur Dam is a large reservoir of stored hydro energy.We have proposed three operation schemes of the hybrid system and simulation results have been calculated on HOMER using physical data of Khanpur Dam. The decision of selection of energy sources from hydro, solar and wind is made on the basis of optimum cost, generated output, capacity factor and maintenance of the sources by using Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP). The results demonstrate that cheap, reliable and environmental friendly power solution with 90% to 95% power autonomy can be achieved, with a significant decrease in the CO2 emission.

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