Impact of Green Training on Ecological Sustainability in the Presence of Employee Resistance as a Moderator: Evidence from Textile Sector of Pakistan


  • Shamaila Gull Institute of Business and Information Technology University of the Punjab, Lahore
  • Hafsa Rehman Institute of Business and Information Technology University of the Punjab, Lahore


This study aims to examine the impact of green training on ecological sustainability through a moderating role of employee resistance. The study was conducted in ISO-14001 certified textile manufacturing organizations of Pakistan which augments the contextual novelty of this research. The data was collected through a non-probability sampling technique by using self-administered questionnaires from 100 managerial level employees. Further, the data was analyzed by employing the linear and multiple regression analysis. The regression equations were developed to understand the relationship between the independent and dependent variables. The findings of the study show that green training positively influences the ecological strategies of a business organization. It further reveals that employee resistance significantly moderates the relationship between green training and ecological sustainability. Hence, there is a dire need to lessen this divergent force of employee resistance if an organization wants to embrace sustainable business practices for long-term sustainable development.

Author Biographies

Shamaila Gull, Institute of Business and Information Technology University of the Punjab, Lahore

Assistant Professor

IBIT, University of the Punjab

Hafsa Rehman, Institute of Business and Information Technology University of the Punjab, Lahore

MBIT Graduate

IBIT, University of the Punjab, Lahore


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Mechanical Engineering, Automotive, Mechatronics, Textile, Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering