Low Cost Earthquake Resistant Ferrocement Small House

M. A. Saleem, M. Ashraf

Abstract


The greatest humanitarian challenge faced even today after one year of Kashmir Hazara earthquake is that of providing shelter. Currently on the globe one in seven people live in a slum or refugee camp [1]. The earthquake of October 2005 resulted in a great loss of life and property. This research work is mainly focused on developing a design of small size, low cost and earthquake resistant house. Ferrocement panels are recommended as the main structural elements with lightweight truss roofing system. Earthquake resistance is ensured by analyzing the structure on ETABS for a seismic activity of zone 4. The behavior of structure is found satisfactory under the earthquake loading. An estimate of cost is also presented which shows that it is an economical solution.

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References


www.Architectureforhumanity.com/accessed 10th Feb. 2007

www.hud.gov/accessed 10th Feb. 2007

www.forintek.ca/accessed 12th Feb. 2007

State-of-the-Art Report on Ferrocement ACI 549R-97, ACI Committee 549, American Concrete Institute, Farmington Hills, MI, USA, (1997), 15-35.

Building Code Requirements for Structural Concrete ACI 318-05, ACI Committee 318, American Concrete Institute, Farmington Hills, MI, USA, (2005), 237-241.

Uniform Building Code, ICBO, CA, USA, 2(1997) 1605-1617.

Guide for the Design: Construction and Repair of Ferrocement ACI 549.1R-93, ACI Committee 549, American Concrete Institute, Farmington Hills, MI, USA, (1993) 27-37.






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