Review of Applications of Ferrous Based Shape Memory Smart Materials in Engineering and in Biomedical Sciences

Rana Atta ur Rahman, Daniel Juhre, Thorsten Halle


Shape memory alloys have revolutionized the material engineering sciences as they exhibit exclusive features i.e. shape memory effect and super-elasticity.  Shape memory alloys (SMAs) are those alloys that when deformed returns to its pre-deformed shape upon heating, they can also restore their original shape by removing the load. Research on properties of newly advent of many types of iron-based shape memory alloys (Fe-SMAs), shows that they have great-potential to be the counterpart of Nitinol. These Fe-based shape memory alloys have been used and found to be effective because of their low cost, high cold workability, good weldability & excellent characteristics comparing with Nitinol (high processing cost and low cold workability). Some of the Fe-based shape memory alloys show super-elasticity. Iron-based shape memory alloys, especially Fe-Mn-Si alloys have a great-potential for civil engineering structures because of its unique properties e.g. two-way shape memory effect, super elasticity and shape memory effect as well as due to its low cost, high elastic stiffness and wide transformation hysteresis comparative to Nitinol. A detailed review of applications of pre-existing Fe-based SMAs is performed in this paper. Different fields of applications of Fe-based SMA are discussed. These applications are categorised and tabulated in different fields. An analysis is performed that in which field the Fe-based SMA applications are mostly exist. An analysis is performed showing percentage increase in the applications of Fe-based SMA since 1990 to date.

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