Water Transmission through Chemical Protective Clothing Materials

Mehreen Ijaz, Samia Kalsoom, Niaz Ahmed Akthar


This present study aims at investigating the role of water transmission in the clothing materials used for manufacturing chemical protective coveralls for various chemical industries in Pakistan.  The research was conducted at Nishat Mills Limited (Dyeing and Finishing Unit). The samples were tested for their water transmission behavior both in water and vapour form at various laundering intervals by following AATCC 79-2010 and AATCC 197-2011 respectively. The results indicated that all the tested samples were unable to resist water and completely wet even at initial washing intervals and their condition became worse with an increasing number of laundering cycles. At 20th wash, the sample S-1 made with polyester fiber was able to resist wetting only for 0.15 seconds and cotton fiber S-2 resisted water for 8.84 seconds, whereas, sample S-3 made with a combination of cotton and polyester with a blend ration of (45/55) resisted up to 29.94 seconds which showed its better performance as compared to the other samples. Similarly, in the case of their wicking behavior, the water travelled from the sample S-3 was 14.5 cm at 10 minutes in the warp direction and 13.3 cm in the weft direction at the 20th wash. The water travelled from sample S5 was 17cm in its warp and weft directions which completely wet the whole specimen. It shows the poor performance of the specimen in evaluating its wicking behavior.

Full Text:



Mani, K. and Sivakkumar, V (2011). Chemical protective clothing. Pak. Tex. J: 40-43

Ding, X. (2008). Fabric testing. New York: CRC Press, 189-224.

Singh, K. V. P., Chatterjee, A., and Das, A (2010). Study on physiological comfort of fabrics made up of structurally modified friction-spun yarns: Part II-Liquid transmission. Indian J. Fibre. Text. Res. 35(1): 134-138.

Simile, C. B. (2004). Critical evaluation of wicking in performance fabrics. Master thesis, Georgia Institute of Technology.

Das, B., Das, A., Kothari, V. K., Fanguiero, R., and Araujo, M (2007). Moisture transmission through textiles. Part I: processes involved in moisture transmission and the factors at play. Autex. Res. J. 7(2): 100-110.

Ghali, K., Jones, B., & Tracy, J (1994). Experimental techniques for measuring parameters describing wetting and wicking in fabrics. Text. Res. J. 64(2): 106-111.

Hepburn, C. D. (1998). The wicking of water through multi-layer fabric assemblies.

Doctoral dissertation. University of Leeds.

Chatterjee, P. K. (1985). Absorbency. New Jersey: Elsevier Scientific Publishing Company.

Berger, X., & Sari, H. (2000). A new dynamic clothing model. Part 1: Heat and mass transfers. Int. J. Therm. Sci. 39(6): 673-683.

AATCC. (2013). Monograph M6. Standardization of home laundry test conditions. American Association of Textile Chemists and Colorists: 444-446.

AATCC. (2010). Absorbency of Textiles. American Association of Textile Chemists and Colorists. Retrieved from http://members.aatcc.org/store/tm79/499/

AATCC. (2011). Vertical wicking of Textiles. American Association of Textile Chemists and Colorists. Retrieved from http://members.aatcc.org/store/tm79/499/

ASTM. (2010). ASTM D1776 Standard practice for conditioning and testing textiles. West Conshohocken, PA: ASTM International. Retrieved from http://www.astm.org/Standards/D1776.htm

Booth, J.E. (1996). Principles of textile testing. New Delhi: CRC Press.

Pause, B. (1996). Measuring the water vapor permeability of coated fabrics and laminates. J. Ind. Tex. 25(4): 311-320

Whelan, M. E., MacHattie, L. E., Goodings, A. C., & Turl, L. H (1955). The Diffusion of Water Vapor through Laminae with Particular Reference to Textile Fabrics Introduction. Tex. Res. J. 25(3): 197-198.

Fanglong, Z., Weiyuan, Z., & Minzhi, C (2007). Investigation of Material Combinations for Fire-fighter's Protective Clothing on Radiant Protective and Heat-Moisture Transfer Performance. Fibres. Text. East. Eur. 15(1): 72-75.

Slater, K. (1986). The assessment of comfort. J. Tex. Ins. 77 (3): 157- 171.

Das, B., Das, A., Kothari, V., Fanguiero, R., & Araujo, M. D (2009). Moisture flow through blended fabrics–Effect of hydrophilicity. J. Eng. Fiber. Fabr. 4(4): 20-27.

Chinta, S.K & Gujar, P.D. (2013). Significance of moisture management for high performance textile fabrics. Int. J. Innov. Res. 2(3): 814-819.

Laamanen, H., and H. Meinander (1996). Environmental Ergonomics. Recent Progress and New Frontiers. England: Freund Publishing House, Ltd, 221-224.

Fung, W. (2002). Coated and laminated textiles. England: Woodhead Publishing, 24-71.

Leonas, K. K. (1998). Effect of laundering on the barrier properties of reusable surgical gown fabrics. Am. J. Infect. Control. 26(5): 495-501.

Copyright (c) 2018 Pakistan Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences

Powered By KICS